Studying Medicine in Germany
Medicine is concerned with the recognition of the causes of diseases as well as the healing, remedy, and prevention of diseases in humans and animals. Besides the diagnosis and treatment of illnesses, medical activities also include the investigation of the causes of diseases and health care and aftercare. The field of medicine includes human medicine, veterinary medicine, and dentistry.
Study Medicine: Study and Internships
The study of medicine is training for the medical profession and is, therefore uniformly regulated by the licensing regulations for human medicine, dentistry, and veterinary medicine. Moreover, there is a nationwide admission restriction for courses of study in human medicine, dentistry, and veterinary medicine, so that you do not have to apply for these courses directly at the university, but at the foundation for Admission to Universities and their information portal hochschulstart.de. After completing your successful medical studies, you have to still apply for the license to practice with the competent state authority of your state if you wish to work as a doctor.
The study of human medicine
It is governed by the licensing regulations for physicians and lasts at least six years and three months. The medical training is divided into a two-year preclinical stage of study with the first medical exam, followed by a three-year clinical study period with the second medical exam, followed by a practical year and the third part of the medical exam. Moreover, you have to complete a three-month nursing and first-aid training before completing your medical studies or during the semester break. During your medical studies, you have to complete a four-month internship, the so-called clinical traineeship.
The study of dentistry
It is regulated by the licensing regulations for dentists, lasts at least ten semesters, and includes a preclinical and a clinical study section of five semesters each. The dental training provides for three state examinations. The preliminary scientific examination at the earliest after two semesters, the preliminary dental examination after at least five semesters, and the dental examination, which can only take place after another five semesters. The practical training parts of your dental study usually consist of internships and practical courses as well as the participation in projects. It is recommended that you work in a dental laboratory before or during your studies.
The study of veterinary medicine
The Ordinance regulates the study of veterinary medicine on the Approval of Veterinarians and usually takes five years and six months or eleven semesters. The veterinary training includes a preclinical part consisting of a two-semester scientific (pre-physical) and anatomical-physiological study section and a six-semester clinical part. The veterinary preliminary examination for the pre-physics takes place after the second semester, that for the pre-physics after the fourth semester. The veterinary examination takes place in several sections near the respective lectures, usually in the lecture-free time. The study of veterinary medicine includes an extensive practical part of studies that you, for example, in agriculture, and animal farming, in veterinary practices or clinics, in enterprises of feed.
Studying Medicine: Perspectives
If you have completed your studies in human medicine and have received the approval, you can work as a doctor in free practice, in hospitals or sanatoriums. You also have the chance to work in research and development, the pharmaceutical industry, or even in public administration. Besides the clinical field, you can also work in health management or environmental medicine, for example.
With a completed degree in dentistry, you can work as a doctor in free practice, in (dental) clinics or other curative institutions – approval required. Moreover, you can carry out advisory or administrative work, for example, with social insurance institutions, associations of ordinance health insurance physicians, or in the pharmaceutical industry.
With a completed degree in veterinary medicine and an existing license, you can work as a doctor in a free small or large animal practice, in veterinary clinics, or even in the public health service. In addition, employment opportunities exist in state and federal agencies or the pharmaceutical industry.